The Antofagasta Region (formerly Region II) is the 2nd largest Region in Chile (126,049 km2 / 48,668 sq miles) and the largest in the north of the country, its capital is the important port city of Antofagasta. Most of the Region used to be part of Bolivia (as that country's Litoral Department) until the War of the Pacific (1879-1883), after which it became part of Chile. The driest parts of the Atacama Desert (and the world) are found here, and mining is the major industry. The Region contains northern Chile's most popular tourist destination, San Pedro de Atacama, images of which can be seen in the separate San Pedro de Atacama Area gallery. The southeast of the Region is part of the Puna de Atacama (shared with Argentina) with many high volcanic peaks, the most notable of which is Llullaillaco (6752m / 22,152ft), the 5th highest peak in the Andes and South America. Images of the Region's National Parks are in the following galleries: Alto Loa National Reserve, Los Flamencos National Reserve. More images from the area are available and in the process of being added, if you cannot find what you are looking for or want to see more images of a certain location / subject please get in touch!